Justice MSME

•a global, capital city research project•

Shipping better.jpg


Recent research indicates that the current default system of international dispute resolution, by litigation in national courts, is not satisfactory for Micro, Small and Medium sized Enterprises (“MSMEs”). MSMEs generally respond to this dissatisfaction with either artificially restrict their cross-border trade or expose themselves to unacceptable risks. This project examines how these dispute resolution risks for MSMEs engaged in domestic and cross-border trade and investment can be mitigated. The project sets out to explore four different lines of inquiry:

  1. the types of counter-party disputes encountered by MSME domestically and how they are resolved

  2. the types of counter-party disputes encountered by MSME exporters and importers;

  3. the current approaches to resolving such cross border disputes; and

  4. the response of MSMEs to alternative processes - such as, but not limited to, mediationor arbitration domestically - such as, but not limited to, international mediation, arbitration or a Bi/Multilateral Arbitration Treaty (“BAT”) regime with mediation windows (“BAMAT”) or a Bi/Multilateral Mediation Treaty (“BMT”) regime, making mediation and/or arbitration the default dispute resolution process/es in cross-border commercial disputes.

The research is led by Professor Petra Butler, Victoria University of Wellington. Supported by Georgia Whelan and Hanneke van Oeveren.

Participating Institutions

–Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Anne McNaughton



05. –Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Travis Ng & Wallace Mok

travisng@cuhk.edu.hk wallacemok@cuhk.edu.hk



-New Zealand Institute of Economic Research, New Zealand

Chris Nixon


02. –Brussels, Belgium

José Rafael Mata Dona



–University of Ottawa, Canada

Professor Anthony Daimsis & Professor Marina Pavlovic

Anthony.Daimsis@uOttawa.ca Marina.Pavlovic@uOttawa.ca

03. –Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, Oberösterreich, Austria

Professor Andreas Geroldinger & Christina Geissler

Andreas.geroldinger@jku.at christina.geissler_1@jku.at


07. –Singapore Management University, Singapore

Professor Nadja Alexander & Professor Locknie Hsu

nadjaa@smu.edu.sg lockniehsu@smu.edu.sg

–British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London, United Kingdom

Professor Eva Lein & Professor Petra Butler

e.lein@biicl.org petra.butler@vuw.ac.nz


–Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain

Professor Alberto Munoz & Professor Cayetana Santaolalla Montoya & Professor Juan Ramon Liebana Ortiz

amunfer@unav.es cayetan.santaolalla@unir.net juanramon.liebana@unir.net


access to justice for MSMEs trading across borders